For some people would act Customs officers it can be confusing. Why bag purchased from abroad that is a gift or gifts for relatives in Indonesia, even used alone remains subject to import duties. Certain, This issue is no legal explanation. Evidently, there are rules that guide the Directorate General of Customs officer wearing the duties to passengers.
As quoted from clinic Hukumonline.com, This issue is regulated in Finance Minister Regulation Number 188 / PMK.04/2010 Year 2010 on Import of Goods Carried by Passengers, Crew of transportation, Passer Limits and Goods Shipment (Permenkeu 188/2010).
Article 8 sentence (1) and (2) Permenkeu 188/2010 mention that, No limit value given customs duty exemption. Most widely free on board (FOB) US $ 250 per person or a maximum of FOB US $ 1,000 per family for each arrival. On the basis of the, DG Customs officer may conduct an examination of the personal belongings of passengers.
|Free On Board (FOB)||amount|
Whereas Article 32 Permenkeu 188/2010 be confirmed, Customs officials set the rates of import duty on personal belongings of passengers. Whereas in Article 33 the same rule states, determination of tariffs based on the tariffs of the goods concerned. In the case of imported goods more than three types of goods, Customs officials set a tariff based on the highest rates of goods.
To be known, state levies import duties are imposed on goods imported by UU No. 17 Year 2006 on the amendment of Law No.. 10 Year 1995 on Customs. In addition to import duties, also known arrangements regarding excise rates on certain goods.
According to Article 1 number 1 UU No. 39 Year 2007 about Amendment UU No. 11 Year 1995 on Excise mentioned that the state levies taxes levied on certain goods that have a nature or characteristics specified in the legislation.
Article 2 number 1 The same Act states, which meant certain items that have a nature or characteristics, among others, consumption should be controlled, peredarannya perlu diawasi, use can have negative impacts for society or the environment or its use needs to be load state levies for justice and balance, tax imposed by this Act.
Whereas Article 4 sentence (1) TO 11/1995 declare, excise levied on goods subject to excise include ethyl alcohol or ethanol with no heed to the materials used and the manufacturing process; beverages containing ethyl alcohol in the rate of any, by disregarding the materials used and the manufacturing process, termasuk konsentrat yang mengandung etil alkohol; hasil tembakau yang meliputi sigaret, cerutu, rokok, daun, tembakau iris dan hasil pengolahan tembakau lainnya dengan tidak mengindahkan digunakan atau tidak bahan pengganti atau bahan pembantu dalam pembuatannya.
Article 9 sentence (1) Permenkeu 188/2010 mention, barang milik pribadi penumpang dari luar negeri yang masuk ke wilayah teritorial Indonesia diberikan pembebasan bea masuk dan cukai untuk setiap orang dewasa paling banyak 200 batang sigaret, 25 batang cerutu atau 100 gram tembakau iris/hasil tembakau lainnya serta 1 liters of beverages containing ethyl alcohol.
Whereas in Article 9 sentence (3) Permenkeu 188/2010 expressed in the private halbarang passengers are goods subject to excise beyond the amount specified then the excess of the excise goods are immediately destroyed by Customs and Excise officials with or without the presence of the passenger concerned.